Diabetes is also called diabetes mellitus, is a disease in which a person has too much sugar in the blood. It is caused by the body's inability to metabolize glucose (sugar) from food into energy.
Each cell in the body needs glucose to function well. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, provides glucose to the cells of the body through the bloodstream. You can also look for the leading diabetes medications list via an online source.
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Diabetes occurs when there is either a lack of insulin or the body can not properly use insulin, causing glucose to build up in the blood, causing blood sugar to rise. In some cases, the body does not produce insulin on its own (type 1 diabetes).
In other cases, the body does not make enough insulin or becomes resistant to its effects (type 2 diabetes).
According to a 2017 report by the Centers for Disease Control, more than 100 million Americans have diabetes or prediabetes. Eighty ten to eighty-five percent of people with type 2 diabetes have diabetes. There is no cure for diabetes, but treatments include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, drugs against diabetes, and insulin therapy.
Some common symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, unquenchable thirst, and weight loss or gain. Symptoms of diabetes can occur for many years before diagnosis. It is important to understand who is at risk for a diagnosis of diabetes.